Awareness programs are community-wide and audience specific programming, initiatives, and strategies that increase audience knowledge and share information and resources to prevent violence, promote safety, and reduce perpetration.

Bystander interventions are safe and positive options that may be carried out by an individual or individuals to prevent harm or intervene when there is a risk of dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking. This includes recognizing situations of potential harm and understanding institutional structures and cultural conditions that facilitate violence, overcoming barriers to intervening, identifying safe and effective intervention options, and taking actions to intervene.

Consent is knowing, voluntary, and clear permission, through word or action, to engage in mutually agreed upon sexual activity or contact.

  • Someone who is incapacitated cannot consent.

  • Past consent does not imply fu­ture consent.

  • Silence or an absence of resistance does not imply consent.

  • Consent to engage in sexual activity with one person does not imply consent to engage in sexual activity with another.

  • Consent can be withdrawn at any time.

  • Coercion, force, or threat of either invalidates consent.

Dating violence is violence committed by a person who has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship will be determined by factors such as length, type, and frequency of interaction.
Domestic violence is violence committed by a person who has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship will be determined by factors such as length, type, and frequency of interaction.

Hostile environment is unwelcome conduct by an individual or individuals against another individual based upon her/ his protected class that is sufficiently severe or pervasive that it alters the conditions of education or employment and creates an environment that a reasonable person would find intimidating, hostile, or offensive.

A proceeding that is completed within reasonably prompt timeframes designated by an institution’s policy, including a process that allows for the extension of timeframes for good cause and with written notice to the reporting party and the respondent of the delay and the reason for the delay. Must be conducted in a manner that:

  • Is consistent with the institution’s policies and transparent to both parties;
  • Includes timely notice of meetings at which the reporting party and the respondent or both, may be present
  • Provides timely and equal access to the reporting party, the respondent and appropriate officials to any information that will be used during investigation process.
  • Conducted by officials who do not have a conflict of interest or bias for or against the reporting party or the respondent.

Incapacity to evaluate or control conduct, because an individual is unconscious, asleep, intoxicated, or under the influence of other drugs or, for any other reason, physically, mentally or legally unable to communicate or grant consent.

Programming, initiatives and strategies that are sustained over time and focus on increasing understanding of topics relevant to and skills for addressing dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, using a range of strategies with audiences throughout the university.

Preponderance of evidence is the standard of proof used in investigation process. Evidence that suggests that the individual charged with misconduct “more likely than not” actually engaged in the alleged misconduct.

Programming, initiatives, and strategies informed by research or assessed for value, effectiveness, or outcome that are intended to stop dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking before they occur through the promotion of positive and healthy behaviors that foster healthy, mutually respectful relationships and sexuality, encourage safe bystander intervention, and seek to change behavior and social norms in healthy and safe direction.

All activities related to a non-criminal resolution of an institutional disciplinary complaint, including but not limited to, fact finding investigations, formal or informal meetings, and hearings.

A reporting party is a person who reports he or she has been subjected to discrimination, harassment, or related retaliation.

A respondent is a person who is charged with committing acts of discrimination, harassment, or retaliation.

A “responsible employee” is a university employee who has the authority to redress sexual violence, who has the duty to report incidents of sexual violence or other student misconduct, or who a student could reasonably believe has this authority or duty. A responsible employee must report to the Title IX Coordinator all relevant details about the alleged sexual violence shared by the victim and that the university will need to determine what happened – including the names of the victim and alleged perpetrator(s), any witnesses, and any other relevant facts, including the date, time and specific location of the alleged incident. UNA considers all employees as “responsible employees” to report with the exception of Counseling Services, Health Services, and Women’s Center.

Any initial, interim, and final decision by any official or entity authorized to resolve disciplinary matters within the institution and should include any sanctions imposed by the university.

An individual’s adverse action against another person because that person has filed a complaint or participated in an investigation. Retaliation is prohibited by UNA policy.

Options designed to decrease perpetration and bystander inaction, and to increase empowerment for victims in order to promote safety and to help individuals and communities address conditions that facilitate violence.

Sexual Assault is defined as engaging in physical contact of a sexual nature with another person without that person’s consent. Sexual Assault includes, but is not limited to, rape, sexual battery, anal intercourse, oral copulation or penetration of a body cavity by a foreign object. Sexual intercourse includes the penetration, however slight, of the vagina or anus with any object or body part and of the mouth with a body part and/or object in a sexual manner.
Sexual harassment is one type of sex discrimination under Title IX. The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights ( states that sexual harassment is “unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature”. That is, “any unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature”.

A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for her, his, or other’s safety, or to suffer substantial emotional distress.